The full results, count-by-count, with analysis of all surplus transfers and some others, are now available here on a separate page for each constituency: East Belfast, North Belfast, South Belfast, West Belfast, East Antrim, North Antrim, South Antrim, North Down, South Down, Fermanagh and South Tyrone, Foyle, Lagan Valley, East Londonderry, Mid Ulster, Newry and Armagh, Strangford, West Tyrone, and Upper Bann. There is also a page chronicling the members of the Executive.
There are many other sites which deal with the context of the Assembly election, and you could do worse than start with the Assembly itself. Elsewhere on this site you will find Jim Riley's analysis of how votes turned into seats in the election, and a complete list of candidates, including their previous electoral records (for analysis of this see below). CAIN also has a page of results. Standard media including the BBC, Belfast Telegraph and Irish Times carried special sections for the occasion. Tobias Zywietz' UK Election Statistics Database includes a Northern Ireland Assembly elections page; the complete election results, count-by-count, are available in spreadsheet format from Keith Edkins, and Wilfried Derksen's Elections Around the World site also includes a Northern Ireland page. If you want even more fun you should get hold of Ciaran Quinn's superb little election programme at http://election.polarbears.com.
|SDLP||177,963 votes||21.97%||24 seats|
|UUP||172,225 votes||21.25%||28 seats|
|DUP||146,989 votes||18.14%||20 seats|
|Sinn Féin||142,858 votes||17.63%||18 seats|
|Alliance||52,636 votes||6.50%||6 seats|
|UKUP||36,541 votes||4.51%||5 seats|
|PUP||20,634 votes||2.55%||2 seats|
|NIWC||13,019 votes||1.61%||2 seats|
|Workers Party||1,989 votes||0.25%|
|Brian Wilson (Ind)||1,327 votes||0.16%|
|Paddy McGowan (Ind Community)||1,269 votes||0.16%|
|Mary Allen (Ind)||1,227 votes||0.15%|
|Ulster Independence Movement||1,140 votes||0.14%|
|Nat Law Party||832 votes||0.10%|
|Oliver McMullen (Ind Nat)||478 votes||0.06%|
|Robert Lindsay Mason (Pro-Agreement Independent)||424 votes||0.05%|
|Agnes Orr (Ind Community Candidate)||201 votes||0.02%|
|Chris McCaughan (Ind)||194 votes||0.02%|
|Laurence O'Kane (Community and Environmental Conservation Campaign)||171 votes||0.02%|
|Patrick O'Connor (Ind Labour)||121 votes||0.01%|
|Brian Silcock (Ind)||101 votes||0.01%|
|Christopher Carter (Ulster's Independent Voice)||72 votes||0.01%|
|Delores Quinn (Ind Nat Community Candidate)||50 votes||0.01%|
|John Lawrence (Energy 106)||15 votes||0.00%|
|Ind Unionists||23,089 votes||2.85%||3 seats|
This graph contrasts the 1998 Assembly election result with the elections of the Assembly in 2003, theForum in 1996, the Assembly in 1982, the Constitutional Convention in 1975 and the Assembly in 1973. Here are more details.
The closest results were:
Several candidates - Mallon, Sam McAughtrey, Brid Rodgers - had been members of the Irish Senate though none (I think) had ever been TDs, and none were Senators at the time of the election.
Of the 125 candidates in
the 1997 Westminster election, 84 also stood in the 1998 Assembly election
(16 SDLP, 13 Sinn Féin, 13 Natural Law Party, 10 Alliance, 9 DUP,
7 UUP, 6 Workers Party, 2 PUP, 2 Women's Coalition and one Green, one UKUP,
one Independent and one Independent Labour who stood as Labour in 1998).
Of these, 48 were actually elected to the Assembly (15 SDLP, 7 UUP, 8 DUP, 8 Sinn Féin, 5 Alliance, and one each from UKUP, PUP and Women's Coalition). As noted above nine were elected also to Westminster (no MP stood unsuccessfully for the Assembly, unlike in 1982).
Ten candidates switched constituency between the 1997 Westminster election and the 1998 Assembly election as follows: Eileen Bell (Alliance) stood in Foyle in 1997 and North Down in 1998; Yvonne Boyle (Alliance) stood in East Londonderry in 1997 and Mid Ulster in 1998; Annie Campbell (Women's Coalition) stood in South Belfast in 1997 and Lagan Valley in 1998; Mary Daly (Natural Law Party) stood in West Belfast in 1997 and Mid-Ulster in 1998; David Ervine (PUP) stood in South Belfast in 1997 and East Belfast in 1998; Patricia Lewsley (SDLP) stood in East Belfast in 1997 and Lagan Valley in 1998; Maura McCann (Natural Law Party) stood in East Antrim in 1997 and East Londonderry in 1998; Tom Mullins (Natural Law Party) stood in North Down in 1997 and South Down in 1998; Garret O Fachtna (Sinn Féin) stood in Strangford in 1997 and South Down in 1998; and Hughie Smyth (PUP) stood in South Antrim in 1997 and West Belfast in 1998. Of the ten, none was elected in 1997 and Bell, Ervine and Lewsley were elected in 1998.
All five Westminster election candidates in Newry and Armagh stood again for the Assembly, and three were elected. All five Westminster candidates in Foyle also stood for the Assembly and four were elected, but as noted above one of them had switched to North Down, where she had better luck. Eight of the candidates in South Belfast in 1997 were also candidates for the Assembly in 1998, but Alastair McDonnell was the only candidate elected from South Belfast in 1998 who had also been a candidate there in 1997 (David Ervine was elected for East Belfast).
19 members of the 1998 Assembly, Gerry Adams (SF), Fraser Agnew (UUAP - previously UUP), Billy Bell (UUP), Gregory Campbell (DUP), Seamus Close (Alliance), Ivan Davis (UUP - previously DUP), Sean Farren (SDLP), Denis Haughey (SDLP), Joe Hendron (SDLP), John Hume (SDLP), Séamus Mallon (SDLP), Bob McCartney (UKUP - previously UUP), Eddie McGrady (SDLP), William McCrea (DUP), Sean Neeson (Alliance), Ian Paisley (DUP), Peter Robinson (DUP), John Taylor (UUP) and Jim Wells (DUP) were all elected to the 1982-86 Assembly, though of course only the Unionists and Alliance took their seats.
David Trimble (UUP - previously Vanguard), Sir Reg Empey (UUP - previously Vanguard), Billy Bell (UUP), Joe Hendron (SDLP), John Hume (SDLP), Séamus Mallon (SDLP), Eddie McGrady (SDLP), Ian Paisley (DUP), and John Taylor (UUP) were all elected to the 1975 Constitutional Convention.
Former UUP deputy leader Lord Kilclooney (John Taylor), former SDLP leader John Hume, his colleagues Séamus Mallon and Eddie McGrady, and DUP leader Ian Paisley have been elected at all five regional elections since Stormont was abolished. Kilclooney, Hume and Paisley all served in the Stormont House of Commons as well.
In East Londonderry all six of the MLA's elected in June 1998 were also local councillors at the time of the election, though one (Gregory Campbell) represented an area outside the constituency. In Foyle, East Belfast and North Belfast all but one of the MLA's were local councillors at the time of the election, the "odd men out" being respectively John Hume, Lord Alderdice and Gerry Kelly (though in North Belfast Fraser Agnew represents a local council electoral area that borders but does not overlap with the North Belfast constituency). At the other extreme, in North Down only Eileen Bell of the Alliance Party is both an MLA and a local councillor.
Ten of the thirteen candidates who had stood in the Belfast Laganbank electoral area in the 1997 local government elections also stood in the 1998 Assembly elections, including all five councillors. Only two (Alastair McDonnell and Michael McGimpsey) were successful.
It is striking that only four candidates of the 40 who failed to get elected to their local council in 1997 found their luck turning in 1998 (Patricia Lewsley of the SDLP, Peter Weir of the UUP, Michelle Gildernew of SF, Norman Boyd of the UKUP). Three of these four (Weir, Lewsley and Boyd) probably did not expect to win in 1998 either. Only Peter Weir of the four had been elected to the Forum/Talks in 1996.
49 candidates out of 296 were women. On average they were slightly less successful in getting elected than men (36% of all candidates were elected, 29% of all female candidates, 38% of all male candidates). The parties in order of the proportion of women among their candidates are the Women's Coalition (100%), Alliance (27.3%), Natural Law Party (22.2%), Sinn Fein (21.6%), Conservatives (16.7%), SDLP (15.8%), DUP (11.8%), Workers Party (11.1%), Labour (10%), PUP and UUP (8.3%), and UKUP (7.7%). Some of the smaller parties which got nobody elected ran no women candidates at all (UDP, Greens). 63% of male DUP candidates were elected to the Assembly, but only one of their four female candidates (Iris Robinson) was similarly fortunate. The only party whose women candidates were more successful than their men was Sinn Fein (since the Women's Coalition ran no male candidates, no comparison is possible). Thanks to Professor Connie Rynder of the University of Tampa for clarifying some of these points with me.
2 DUP, 2 UUP, 1 Alliance (now Speaker), 1 PUP
North Belfast 1 SF, 1 DUP, 1 SDLP, 1 UUP, 1 PUP, 1 Ind U (now UUAP)
South Belfast 2 UUP, 2 SDLP, 1 DUP, 1 NIWC
West Belfast 4 SF, 2 SDLP
East Antrim 2 UUP, 1 DUP, 1 Alliance, 1 UKUP (then NIUP now Ind U), 1 SDLP
North Antrim 3 DUP, 2 UUP, 1 SDLP
South Antrim 2 UUP, 1 DUP, 1 SDLP, 1 UKUP (now NIUP), 1 Alliance
North Down 3 UUP (one of whom later joined the DUP), 1 UKUP, 1 Alliance, 1 NIWC
South Down 3 SDLP, 1 SF, 1 UUP, 1 DUP
Fermanagh and South Tyrone 2 UUP, 2 SF, 1 SDLP, 1 DUP
Foyle 3 SDLP, 2 SF, 1 DUP
Lagan Valley 2 UUP, 1 DUP, 1 Alliance, 1 UKUP (now NIUP), 1 SDLP
East Londonderry 2 UUP (one of whom is currently whipless), 2 SDLP, 1 DUP, 1 Ind U (now UUAP)
Mid Ulster 3 SF, 1 SDLP, 1 DUP, 1 UUP
Newry and Armagh 2 SDLP, 2 SF, 1 UUP, 1 DUP
Strangford 2 UUP, 2 DUP, 1 Alliance, 1 UKUP (now NIUP)
West Tyrone 2 SF, 2 SDLP, 1 DUP, 1 UUP
Upper Bann 2 UUP, 1 SDLP, 1 SF, 1 DUP, 1 Ind U (then UUAP)
As in 1996, the election system for the new Assembly to be set up under the Agreement was a controversial issue and came close to derailing the entire process in the early hours of Good Friday. Some of the smaller parties wanted some form of the 'top-up' system used in 1996 retained. In the end the political compromise was that all eighteen constituencies would elect not five but six members of the new body by Single Transferable Vote. This actually has resulted in some distortion. Jim Riley has pointed out (in a post to uk.politics.electoral on 9 November 1998) that it would have been more proportional for the four constituencies with the largest electorate (North Antrim, Lagan Valley, Newry/Armagh and South Down) to elect seven members of the Assembly, and for the four smallest (West Tyrone, East Antrim, East Londonderry and Mid Ulster) to elect five. However he further concluded that the results would have been much the same (SDLP losses in East Antrim and West Tyrone offset by gains in Newry/Armagh and South Down; SF loss in Mid-Ulster offset by gain in North Antrim; Ulster Unionist loss in East Londonderry offset by gain in Lagan Valley).
See also: Jim Riley's analysis of votes and seats in the 1998 Assembly election | List of all 1998 candidates
Other sites based at ARK: ORB (Online Research Bank) | CAIN (Conflict Archive on the INternet) | Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey
Your comments, please! Send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Nicholas Whyte, 3 June 1998;
modified 14 October 2002.
Disclaimer:© Nicholas Whyte 1998-2004 Last Updated on Wednesday, 12-Jan-2005 12:12